Materials of the article “Mixed universities” in China: comparison of universities in Shanghai and Shenzhen, Ruth and Julie Ban Heyhou can be found here:



Mixed universities developing in China (organized with the participation of foreigners) have two unique characteristics. Firstly, the discovery of such a university is only possible at the conclusion of the relevant partnership agreement between Chinese and foreign universities, which should be approved by the Ministry of Education of China. This reflects China’s policy of support for its sovereignty, which was repeatedly attacked by the other states during the XIX century. Secondly, the cities which are located in China’s booming coastal areas are ready to allocate land to compensate for part of the costs for the construction of new schools for the sake of improving their image.

China’s first mixed university were the University of Nottingham – Ningbo, which is located on the south of Shanghai and a joint project of Xi’an Jiaotong University and the University of Liverpool, which is located in a nearby flowering Suzhou.

Perhaps the key issue of the new universities might be the search and collection of first-class teachers, who would be willing to work in China on a permanent basis. The University of Nottingham – Ningbo has got mainly professors from Nottingham and the University of Jiaotong – Liverpool managed to attract international faculty. New York University in Shanghai is almost totally dependent on New York’s teachers, but is actively seeking full-time employees worldwide. The situation is similar at Duke University in Kunshan. We can assume that attracting world-class researchers in Shanghai will be easier than in the young city of Shenzhen, so it will be interesting to see how the new universities located there will cope with this task.